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FEMA was formed in 1978 by executive order of the President, combining Federal programs that deal with all phases of emergency management, for disasters of all types, into a single agency. Several major objectives were to be accomplished when the Federal Emergency Management Agency was created. One objective was to establish a single point of contact for State and local governments to deal with all emergency management programs at the Federal level. Another objective was to broaden the application of emergency preparedness and response resources to all hazards, and to take advantage of the similarities that exist in planning and response functions for peacetime and attack emergencies. Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978.