Review of Residential Sprinkler Systems: Research and Standards
Since the introduction of the residential sprinkler standard, NFPA 13D, in 1975, residential sprinkler systems have proven themselves as life safety systems. Because of improvements in system design and the incentives listed in this report, the use of new technology, such as residential and quick-response sprinklers, nearly tripled in the United States between 1987 and 1994, even though the total number of sprinklers installed increased only slightly. While there is growing recognition of the enhanced ability of fast-response sprinklers to protect life and property from fires, it is estimated that less than 3% of the one and two family homes in the United States have them installed.
Fire Prevention & Planning/Code Enforcement, Research & Technology