u.s. flag An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock () or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Summary Incident Report

Report dates:
Jan 1, 1990 to Jul 20, 2021
Number of on-duty firefighter fatalities:
3,552
Count of Hometown Heroes:
233
Data filters that contributed to this report
No filters were applied.

Firefighter classifications

47.7%
1666 Volunteer
44.6%
1560 Career
1.8%
62 Wildland Full-Time
1.8%
62 Wildland Contract
1.6%
55 Wildland Part-Time
1.3%
44 Paid-on-Call
1.1%
37 Part-Time (Paid)
0.23%
8 Industrial
Number of multiple firefighter fatality incidents: 138
Number of firefighter fatalities associated with wildland incidents: 179

Type of duty

41.8%
1464 On-Scene Fire
16.7%
585 Other On-Duty
14.7%
513 Responding
9.3%
326 On-Scene Non-Fire
8.2%
286 Training
7.7%
270 After
1.6%
57 Returning
Percent of fatalities related to emergency duty: 60.4%
Number of firefighter fatalities associated with suspicious/incendiary incidents: 437

Type of incident

35.2%
936 Structure Fire
21.8%
580 Not Incident-Related
16.1%
428 Wildland
7.3%
194 Other
7.2%
191 Motor Vehicle Accident
3.9%
104 Emergency Medical Services
2.9%
76 Outside Fire
1.1%
29 False Alarm
0.94%
25 Unknown
0.9%
24 Vehicle Fire
0.87%
23 Technical Rescue
0.79%
21 Hazmat
0.72%
19 Weather/Disaster Response
0.23%
6 Rescue/Extrication

Cause of fatal injury

42.5%
1492 Stress/Overexertion
13%
457 Struck By
11.8%
413 Collapse
9.7%
340 Caught or Trapped
9.4%
330 Vehicle Collision - Includes Aircraft
4.7%
166 Exposure
3.6%
127 Other
3.3%
117 Fall
0.68%
24 Unknown
0.46%
16 Lost
0.26%
9 Assault
0.2%
7 Out of Air
0.17%
6 Suicide
0.11%
4 Contact With

Nature of fatal injury

40.3%
1424 Heart Attack
34.7%
1226 Trauma
7.6%
268 Asphyxiation
5.1%
179 Burns
3.4%
120 Other
2.5%
90 Cerebrovascular Accident
1.6%
56 Covid-19
1.2%
43 Crushed
0.93%
33 Drowning
0.91%
32 Electrocution
0.76%
27 Violence
0.65%
23 Unknown
0.31%
11 Heat Exhaustion

Age of firefighter when the fatal injury was sustained

3.3%
116 (Under 21)
5.4%
193 (21 to 25)
6.3%
224 (26 to 30)
15.5%
549 (31 to 40)
22.3%
792 (41 to 50)
20%
712 (51 to 60)
14.4%
513 (61 and Over)
12.8%
453 (Unknown)
Percent of firefighter fatalities age 40 and under: 34.9%

Type of activity

17.8%
575 Other
15.8%
509 Advance Hose Lines/Fire Attack (includes Wildland)
15.8%
509 Search and Rescue
8.1%
261 Driving/Operating Vehicle/Apparatus
6.5%
208 Not On Scene
5.2%
167 Driving/Riding Personal Vehicle
5.2%
166 In-Station Duties
4.2%
135 Support
3.8%
121 Riding Vehicle/Apparatus
2.5%
80 EMS/Patient Care
2.3%
75 Incident Command
2.3%
74 Fitness Activity
2.1%
68 Unknown
1.9%
60 Scene Safety
1.8%
59 Water Supply
1.1%
37 Ventilation
0.93%
30 Pump Operations
0.71%
23 Standby
0.68%
22 Responding
0.47%
15 Setup
0.37%
12 Salvage and Overhaul
0.31%
10 Extrication
0.19%
6 Forcible Entry

Time of fatal injury

3.2%
114 01:00-02:59
2.2%
78 03:00-04:59
3%
105 05:00-06:59
5%
179 07:00-08:59
15.2%
541 09:00-10:59
5.8%
205 11:00-12:59
6.8%
243 13:00-14:59
7.5%
267 15:00-16:59
8.2%
291 17:00-18:59
6.4%
227 19:00-20:59
5.7%
201 21:00-22:59
3.1%
110 23:00-00:59
27.9%
991 Unknown

Month of the year

16.3%
578 September
8.6%
304 March
8.5%
302 January
8.5%
302 August
8.3%
296 June
8%
285 April
7.9%
280 July
7.6%
269 February
7.5%
268 December
7%
248 November
6%
214 October
5.8%
206 May

Firefighter fatalities by state by location of fire service organization

0.04%
1 APO
1.8%
47 Alabama
0.15%
4 Alaska
0.08%
2 American Samoa
2%
53 Arizona
1%
27 Arkansas
6.1%
162 California
0.9%
24 Colorado
1.2%
33 Connecticut
0.41%
11 Delaware
0.15%
4 District of Columbia
2.2%
59 Florida
2%
53 Georgia
0.04%
1 Guam
0.19%
5 Hawaii
0.98%
26 Idaho
2.9%
76 Illinois
1.7%
45 Indiana
0.72%
19 Iowa
1.4%
37 Kansas
2.2%
58 Kentucky
1.1%
29 Louisiana
0.64%
17 Maine
1.6%
42 Maryland
1.5%
39 Massachusetts
2.1%
56 Michigan
0.53%
14 Minnesota
1.7%
46 Mississippi
2.3%
60 Missouri
1.1%
29 Montana
0.64%
17 Nebraska
0.56%
15 Nevada
0.56%
15 New Hampshire
3.1%
83 New Jersey
1%
27 New Mexico
19.8%
526 New York
3.9%
104 North Carolina
0.11%
3 North Dakota
0.04%
1 Northern Mariana Islands
3%
80 Ohio
1.2%
33 Oklahoma
2.1%
55 Oregon
6.7%
177 Pennsylvania
0.08%
2 Puerto Rico
0.34%
9 Rhode Island
2%
53 South Carolina
0.49%
13 South Dakota
1.5%
41 Tennessee
5.1%
136 Texas
0.53%
14 Utah
0.3%
8 Vermont
0.04%
1 Virgin Islands
1.5%
41 Virginia
1.2%
33 Washington
1.4%
37 West Virginia
1.5%
40 Wisconsin
0.49%
13 Wyoming