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Summary Incident Report

Report dates:
Jan 1, 1990 to Nov 19, 2022
Number of on-duty firefighter fatalities:
3,726
Count of Hometown Heroes:
253
Data filters that contributed to this report
No filters were applied.

Firefighter classifications

47.3%
1734 Volunteer
44.7%
1639 Career
2.1%
77 Wildland Contract
1.7%
64 Wildland Full-Time
1.5%
56 Wildland Part-Time
1.3%
49 Paid-on-Call
1.1%
41 Part-Time (Paid)
0.22%
8 Industrial
Number of multiple firefighter fatality incidents: 145
Number of firefighter fatalities associated with wildland incidents: 197

Type of duty

41.2%
1514 On-Scene Fire
17.1%
628 Other On-Duty
14.3%
527 Responding
10.4%
381 On-Scene Non-Fire
7.9%
292 Training
7.3%
269 After
1.7%
64 Returning
Percent of fatalities related to emergency duty: 61.1%
Number of firefighter fatalities associated with suspicious/incendiary incidents: 438

Type of incident

34%
962 Structure Fire
21.4%
605 Not Incident-Related
16.4%
463 Wildland
7.6%
215 Motor Vehicle Accident
7.4%
209 Other
5.1%
145 Emergency Medical Services
2.7%
76 Outside Fire
1.1%
32 False Alarm
0.88%
25 Vehicle Fire
0.88%
25 Unknown
0.81%
23 Technical Rescue
0.81%
23 Hazmat
0.74%
21 Weather/Disaster Response
0.21%
6 Rescue/Extrication

Cause of fatal injury

42.1%
1549 Stress/Overexertion
12.8%
470 Struck By
11.4%
419 Collapse
9.7%
357 Vehicle Collision - Includes Aircraft
9.4%
345 Caught or Trapped
5.9%
216 Exposure
3.6%
132 Other
3.3%
122 Fall
0.65%
24 Unknown
0.52%
19 Lost
0.24%
9 Assault
0.22%
8 Out of Air
0.16%
6 Contact With
0.16%
6 Suicide

Nature of fatal injury

39.8%
1474 Heart Attack
34.2%
1268 Trauma
7.4%
275 Asphyxiation
5%
186 Burns
3.5%
130 Other
2.8%
105 Covid-19
2.5%
93 Cerebrovascular Accident
1.3%
47 Crushed
0.89%
33 Electrocution
0.86%
32 Drowning
0.76%
28 Violence
0.62%
23 Unknown
0.32%
12 Heat Exhaustion

Age of firefighter when the fatal injury was sustained

3.1%
117 (Under 21)
5.4%
202 (21 to 25)
6.3%
233 (26 to 30)
15.7%
585 (31 to 40)
22.1%
823 (41 to 50)
20.5%
762 (51 to 60)
14.8%
550 (61 and Over)
12.2%
454 (Unknown)
Percent of firefighter fatalities age 40 and under: 34.7%

Type of activity

18.1%
614 Other
15.9%
541 Advance Hose Lines/Fire Attack (includes Wildland)
15.1%
514 Search and Rescue
7.9%
267 Driving/Operating Vehicle/Apparatus
6.1%
208 Not On Scene
5.3%
180 In-Station Duties
5%
169 Driving/Riding Personal Vehicle
4.2%
143 Support
3.7%
124 Riding Vehicle/Apparatus
3.4%
117 EMS/Patient Care
2.4%
80 Incident Command
2.3%
77 Fitness Activity
2%
69 Unknown
1.9%
64 Scene Safety
1.8%
60 Water Supply
1.1%
37 Ventilation
1%
34 Responding
0.97%
33 Pump Operations
0.68%
23 Standby
0.47%
16 Setup
0.35%
12 Salvage and Overhaul
0.26%
9 Extrication
0.18%
6 Forcible Entry

Time of fatal injury

3.2%
120 01:00-02:59
2.2%
83 03:00-04:59
3.1%
114 05:00-06:59
5.5%
204 07:00-08:59
14.7%
547 09:00-10:59
5.9%
219 11:00-12:59
6.9%
258 13:00-14:59
7.5%
281 15:00-16:59
8.3%
308 17:00-18:59
6.5%
241 19:00-20:59
5.6%
208 21:00-22:59
3.2%
118 23:00-00:59
27.5%
1025 Unknown

Month of the year

16.3%
606 September
8.8%
329 August
8.5%
315 January
8.4%
314 March
8.2%
307 June
7.9%
294 April
7.9%
293 July
7.5%
280 December
7.5%
278 February
7%
260 November
6.3%
236 October
5.7%
214 May

Firefighter fatalities by state by location of fire service organization

0.04%
1 APO
1.8%
51 Alabama
0.21%
6 Alaska
0.07%
2 American Samoa
2.1%
59 Arizona
1.1%
32 Arkansas
6%
171 California
1.1%
32 Colorado
1.2%
35 Connecticut
0.42%
12 Delaware
0.14%
4 District of Columbia
2.4%
67 Florida
2%
57 Georgia
0.04%
1 Guam
0.18%
5 Hawaii
1.1%
30 Idaho
2.8%
80 Illinois
1.7%
48 Indiana
0.71%
20 Iowa
1.4%
40 Kansas
2.1%
60 Kentucky
1.1%
30 Louisiana
0.6%
17 Maine
1.7%
49 Maryland
1.4%
39 Massachusetts
2%
58 Michigan
0.6%
17 Minnesota
1.8%
50 Mississippi
2.2%
63 Missouri
1.1%
30 Montana
0.71%
20 Nebraska
0.53%
15 Nevada
0.53%
15 New Hampshire
3.2%
91 New Jersey
1%
29 New Mexico
18.9%
534 New York
4.1%
115 North Carolina
0.11%
3 North Dakota
0.04%
1 Northern Mariana Islands
3.1%
89 Ohio
1.2%
35 Oklahoma
2.1%
59 Oregon
6.4%
182 Pennsylvania
0.07%
2 Puerto Rico
0.32%
9 Rhode Island
1.9%
55 South Carolina
0.46%
13 South Dakota
1.7%
47 Tennessee
5.4%
152 Texas
0.53%
15 Utah
0.28%
8 Vermont
0.07%
2 Virgin Islands
1.5%
42 Virginia
1.2%
35 Washington
1.3%
38 West Virginia
1.6%
44 Wisconsin
0.49%
14 Wyoming